Career in Geography: Qualification, Courses, and Jobs

A career in geography in India: Geography is as broad as a subject, it has equally high employment prospects. By studying it properly in the new era, you can create a career full of passion and thrill, which has both name and money.

Career in Geography

Geography is the study of the physical characteristics of the Earth and its atmosphere. It also includes the distribution of human population and resources, and the study of political and economic activities, because while these things affect the physical characteristics of the Earth and its environment, they are also affected by them.

Being a subject related to nature, it is not only interesting, but also very exciting because the higher study of geography provides an opportunity to get familiar with the varied physical texture of the earth and the texture and cultures of human society. At the stage of civilization today, issues such as natural disaster, climate change, extreme population growth, rapid urbanization, inadequacies of natural resources and multicultural integration can be solved only by professional knowledge of geography.

Comprehensive range

Geography is a fairly broad subject. Therefore, the career prospects in it are also quite high. Geography has different branches like physical, human and environmental. The physical characteristics of the Earth and its atmosphere are studied under physical geography. Whereas in human geography, human political, economic, social and cultural activities are well known. Environmental Geography studies in detail the weather, climate etc. along with the occupational environment and its effects on human life.


The study of geography starts from the sixth grade in schools, but the way to make a career in it opens only after the twelfth class. There are courses from Bachelor to PhD.

Admission to graduation is available only after XII. This can be followed by MA and PhD after MA. There are also special certificate and diploma courses after graduation.

But to reach here it is necessary to score good marks in geography in the twelfth. The grip on the subject should also be strong, because in some institutes there are merit in geography on the basis of merit and many admit through the entrance examination.

Essential Skills

To make a good career in geography it is very important that you have deep interest and knowledge about the subject as well as the ability to keep pace with other people. In fact, a geographer needs to keep pace with different departments in order to do his job well.

  • computational Intelligence
    Skills in combining data and analyzing
  • Rational and analytical thinking
  • Those working in this field have to run a lot, so it is important to stay physically healthy.
  • Making a map with a good grasp of mathematics is an essential qualification

Geography Course

undergraduate Postgraduate

  • Bachelor (BA). Its duration is three years
  • Postgraduate (MA). Its duration is two years
  • PHD. Its duration is two years

PG Diploma Course

  • Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System. Its duration is one year
  • Geographical Cartography. The duration of this course is one year

PG certificate course

  • Geoinformatics and remote sensing. The duration of this course is six months

Career in Geography: Jobs

After studying in Geography, there are plenty of employment opportunities. In this area, jobs can be found in the areas of Transportation, Airlight Route and Shipping Route Planning, Cartography, Satellite Technology, Population Council, Meteorological Department, Disaster Management, Environmental Science, Education, Civil Services etc. People professionally trained in geography can also earn good money by working in agencies related to remote sensing, map, food security, biodiversity conservation etc.

Major work

Cartographer: His main job is to create and develop maps and related diagrams, charts, travel guides etc. and renovate old maps and documents. These professionals get jobs in government, survey, conservation and publishing.

Environmental Advisor: Their main job is to get their commercial or government clients to follow environmental regulations and work on various environmental issues. They get jobs in government and water related organizations.

Town Planner: Their job is to plan the development and management of cities, towns, villages and rural areas; Ensuring the stability of development and protection of the natural environment; Improve existing infrastructure and address environmental issues. They find work in both public and private sectors.

Geographical Information Systems Officer: Their main function is to collect, store, analyze, manage and present complex geographic information received from Geographical Information Systems (GIS). These information are used to make environmentally friendly decisions in various fields. They get employment in defense, telecom and transport, meteorology, oil, gas etc. sectors.

Conservation Officer: Their task is to protect the natural environment and to raise awareness among local communities about environmentally friendly methods. Work is mainly found in the public sector.

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